A delicious authentic Vietnamese beef stew made by braising beef with spices and aromatics from lemongrass to star anise. If you love tender, fall apart braised beef stew, you definitely need to check out this Bo Kho recipe. It can be eaten as beef noodle soup with rice noodles or dipped in a Vietnamese baguette!
Table of Contents
Bo kho is a very flavorful Vietnamese stew made by braising beef with a lot of fragrant aromatics such as lemongrass, star anise, and cinnamon.
One of the biggest reasons why I love Bo Kho is because it is such a versatile dish. It can start out like a stew and be eaten with a Vietnamese baguette or some rice.
Similar to another Vietnamese noodle dish called bun bo hue, it can also be served as a soup with rice noodles by thinning out the stew by adding more beef broth or coconut water to it and adding a few additional splashes of fish sauce.
This Vietnamese stew is actually not very different than your traditional beef stew. The main difference is the wonderful Vietnamese aromatics which add a lot of extra flavors. Instead of using traditional herbs like herb de Provence, thyme, or rosemary, Bo Kho uses star anise, lemongrass, and cinnamon.
So if you have never tried this, and love beef stew, I would highly suggest you try this!
Ingredients and Substitutions
The list of ingredients for bo kho is long but don't let it intimidate you as most of the ingredients are part of the marinade. Once you marinate the beef, braising the beef is easy to do, it just requires time.
- Beef - For this stew, I like using beef chuck because the meat doesn't get stringy and dry and gets really tender on its own without any tenderizer. Chuck is also known as blade roast. Oxtail is another favorite option as well but it takes a bit longer to cook. See below for ideas of the different types of beef you can use for this stew.
- Kiwi - I use kiwi as a natural meat tenderizer for this stew. If I use chuck or oxtail, I generally will skip putting in the kiwi because those cuts of meat get tender naturally, the longer you cook it.
It's important not to marinate it for more than 24 hours because kiwi is a very strong meat tenderizer, and it may tenderize the meat too much and make it mushy.
- Cola - I use cola as another tenderizer as well. Cola gives the marinade a bit of sweetness as well which lightly sweetens the stew in the end. Don't worry, you don't pour any of the cola marinade into the stew itself, we discard the marinade. It is also the main liquid of the marinade, so if you decide to omit it, add a bit of water in its place.
- Ginger/Garlic/Onion - These 3 aromatics are a must in the marinade.
- Chinese Five Spice Powder - This spice gives the meat marinade a nice spiced flavor
- Fish Sauce - Fish sauce is the salt element of the marinade. You can substitute it with soy sauce, but I highly recommend sticking with fish sauce.
- Lemongrass - I like to use fresh lemongrass stalks for this recipe, so I can easily find and remove them before serving it. If you are using fresh lemongrass, make sure you remove the outer layer and wash off any sand before smashing it to bruise it to release the flavor. You can find fresh lemongrass at your local Asian grocery store in the fridge. If you can't find fresh lemongrass, you can use frozen pre-ground lemongrass as well, but you won't be able to fish out the lemongrass at the end.
- Broth - I like to use beef broth for this recipe. Try to use low sodium broth, so you can control how salty it is with fish sauce and salt in the end.
- Tomato Paste - Tomato paste is the base flavor of this stew. You can put more to keep the stew thicker to eat with rice or dip with Vietnamese baguettes, or you can put a little less with a bit more broth to thin out the stew to eat with noodles.
- Ginger/Garlic/ Onions - These 3 aromatics are a must in the stew. Do not omit it, it provides a lot of flavor to it.
- Butter - I like to use a bit of butter to help the browning of the beef.
- Shaoxing Cooking Wine - This cooking wine adds another layer of flavor to the stew. If you cannot find it, you can substitute it with dry sherry.
- Cinnamon/Star Anise/Bay Leaves - These 3 spices are a must. They give the stew another layer of flavor that differentiates the standard stew from a Vietnamese beef stew.
- Fish Sauce - This will give your stew a lot of flavors, as well as give its saltiness. I highly recommend you don't substitute this out.
Best Meat for Bo Kho
The type of beef cut you use in this Bo Kho is important if you want something tender without it being too dry or too stringy.
Here are a few I turn to whenever I make this delicious Vietnamese beef stew, feel free to switch this up and experiment with it! Also keep in mind, that cooking time will also vary depending on what cut of beef you use.
- Beef Shank or Oxtail: I personally found the best cut of beef for this stew was beef shank or oxtail, partially because of all the connective tissues which eventually will melt into the stew giving it a richer and silkier broth. They are also very tender cuts of beef that have a nice chew to them without stringiness. The downside to beef shank and oxtail is that it takes a lot longer to cook.
- Chuck (aka top or bottom blade roast): This is my second favorite meat to use for the recipe. This is a fattier cut of meat which also has a great texture. Chuck is often labeled as a blade roast or a blade pot roast as well.
- Boneless Beef Ribs: This one is more on the expensive side, but the marbling of fats combined with the connective tissues makes this a great cut of beef to use in Bo Kho. The final product when cooked is a very tender and buttery chunk of beef that practically melts in your mouth.
- Beef brisket: I tend to stay away from it since the texture can be a bit stringy and since it is a tougher cut of meat, it takes a very long time to cook.
- Beef Tendon: This is a nice addition to the stew and can thicken it very nicely with its gelatinous texture but it is a very tough piece of meat and I recommend pressure cooking this ahead of time and adding it in the last hour of simmering the stew.
How to Make Bo Kho
MARINATING (AND TENDERIZING) THE BEEF
I like to marinate meats before I cook them for additional flavor, but occasionally when I'm cooking tougher cuts of meat I like to use my marinade as a tenderizer as well.
For Bo Kho, I like to marinate and tenderize the meat with a can of cola and a kiwi. The acids help break down the tissue (just make sure you don't over marinate this, 24 hours is usually more than enough time) and the sweetness from the marinade gives the stew just the right amount of sweetness.
PREPARE THE REST OF THE VEGETABLES AND AROMATICS
Make sure you discard the dry tips and the dried outer layer of the lemongrass, they are usually dried out and don't have much flavor, then wash the lemongrass under water to remove any sand.
Fresh lemongrass is a tough herb and I found that the best way to release its oils and flavor is to smash it once you have them cut into 2-3 inch chunks. I like to use a rolling pin but you can also use the back of your knife blade as well.
Cut your carrots into 1.5 inch chunks and set it aside.
BROWNING YOUR BEEF
Browning beef is a pretty important step because it seals in the juices by locking in the juices with a crusty char but one of my main reasons for browning the meats is the char bits leftover in the pot. The little char bits are actually flavor! Once you start to add the liquids into the pot, you can gently scrape the bottom of the pan and these char bits will give the stew a lot of flavors.
It is important that when you are browning your beef, you are not overcrowding the pan. This will drop the temperature of the pan and your beef will end up steaming/boiling instead of browning.
To get a nice brown crust on your beef, try not to touch it once you have it on the pan. This will give it a chance to form the char from the consistent heat on the meat surface. Check on it after 20-30 seconds and flip the beef.
How to Serve This Vietnamese Beef Stew
- Bo Kho with a Baguette or Rice - You can initially make it as a thick hearty stew, and have it for dinner with some plain white rice, vermicelli rice, or dipped with a French/Vietnamese baguette. Be prepared for a cozy meal!
- Bo Kho with Noodles - Make it into a soup for noodle bowl the next day simply by adding a cup of beef broth or coconut water to it to thin it out and adding a bit more fish sauce to taste. That's a double-duty recipe right there!
Yes, you definitely can but freezing it may change the texture of the carrots and the beef.
I personally like to use beef shank or oxtail for bo kho because of all the connective tissues in the meat which break down to make a rich and silkier stew They are also incredibly tender cuts of beef if they are cooked long enough.
Alternatively, you can also use beef chuck (aka top or bottom blade roast), and boneless beef ribs, which are easier to find and also very tender and flavorful.
If you have the time (or a pressure cooker) you can also add beef tendon as well, which I also highly recommend.
I go into more detail about the types of beef in the post above.
I like to marinate the beef in kiwi and cola overnight to tenderize the beef. You can also use one or the other if you don't have both. It also provides a bit of sweetness to the marinade as well.
When I can't get a hold of Vietnamese baguettes here, I will use French baguettes which are easier to find. French banquettes are longer in size and slightly denser but it's just as tasty and a very good substitute!
I like to cut them into 5-6 inch sized pieces and toast them in the oven for a few minutes to get them crusty before serving with bo kho.
More Vietnamese Recipes You May Like
- Bun Bo Hue (Spicy Vietnamese Beef Noodle Soup)
- Vietnamese Grilled Shrimp Vermicelli Noodle Bowl
- Vietnamese Grilled Lemongrass Pork Chops
- Nem Nuong (Vietnamese Grilled Pork Sausages)
- Nuoc Cham Vietnamese Dipping Sauce
- Canh Chua (Vietnamese Sweet and Sour Soup)
- Vietnamese Lemongrass Chicken
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Bo Kho (Vietnamese Beef Stew)
Joyce's Recipe Notes
- If you use beef shank or oxtail, you will need to increase the cooking time, since they are tougher cuts of beef. Definitely worth it though.
- If you use oxtail, you will get less meat if you use 1.5kg of oxtail since the majority of the weight will come from the bones.
- If you like your beef stew spicy, you can add 1-2 Thai chilies into the stew while the beef is braising.
- It's important not to marinate it for more than 24 hours because kiwi is a very strong meat tenderizer, and it may tenderize the meat too much and make it mushy.
Bo Kho Stew Ingredients
- 2 inch fresh ginger (sliced thickly)
- 4 cloves garlic (roughly chopped)
- 1-2 onions (sliced)
- 2 stalks fresh lemongrass
- 1 cinnamon stick (2 inch long)
- 3-4 whole star anise
- 3 bay leaves
- ¼ cup tomato paste (add an additional 2 tablespoons if you want a thicker stew)
- 2-3 tablespoons butter
- 3 tablespoons fish sauce (adjust to taste)
- ¼ cup shaoxing cooking wine (or dry sherry)
- 2-3 large carrots
- 4 cups low sodium beef broth (32oz)
(Optional) If You are Transforming it to a Noodle Soup
- ½ white onion (or any sweet onion, thinly sliced - don't skip this, it really adds a lot of flavor to the final dish)
- fresh basil
- lime wedges
- crispy deep fried shallots
Marinate the Beef
- Cut the beef into 1 ½ inch chunks and place it in large bowl
- Roughly chop the garlic and onions and place it in the bowl
- Slice the ginger and cut them into thick matchsticks and place it in the bowl
- Add the five spice, fish sauce and cola in the bowl
- Peel the kiwi and smash it with the fork, put the smashed kiwi in the bowl
- Mix everything well and marinate it overnight in the fridge. If you're pressed for time, marinate it for at least 4 hours in room temperature.It's important not to marinate it for more than 24 hours because kiwi is a very strong meat tenderizer, and it may tenderize the meat too much and make it mushy.
- Remove the marinating beef from the fridge and drain the liquid.
- Discard the arromatics (the onions, garlic and ginger). Don't worry we use fresh arromatics for the stew.
- Let the beef sit in room temperature for an hour, this will help with the browning of the beef since the beef won't be as cold.
- Peel and slice an onion and set it a side
- Peel and roughly chop the garlic and set it a side
- Slice the ginger and set it a side
- Peel and chop the carrot into 2 inch chunks and set it aside
- Peel the dried outer layer of the lemongrass and cut off the dried tips and discard it. Wash the lemongrass to remove any sand. Cut the lemongrass into 2-3 inch chunks and smash it with a rolling pin or the blunt back of your knife to release the oils.
Putting It Together
- Place a large heavy bottom pot or a dutch oven over the stove on medium heat and add a bit of oil with 1-2 tablespoons of butter
- When the pot is hot, add the beef in one at a time, careful not too crowd it too much. Brown the beef in batches. (The beef browns better if you touch it less, it gives it a chance to form a crust)
- Once all the beef has browned, add all the beef back in and add in the chopped onions, garlic, ginger, lemongrass, cinnamon stick and star anise and toast it with the meat for about 5 minutes
- Add in the tomato paste and mix everything well, cook for another 2-3 minutes
- Add in the cooking wine, beef broth and bay leaves and gently scrape the bottom of the pan if there are brown bits stuck to the bottom (this is flavor).
- Bring it to a boil. Once it has started boiling, reduce the heat to low and put a lid on it and let it simmer. Set a timer for 2 ½ hours. (If you are using oxtail or beef shank, you will need to cook it a lot longer, by approximately 1 hour more)
- Once 2 ½ hours have passed, stir the stew and check the beef for tenderness. If it is still tough continue to cook it for another 30 minutes. If the stew needs more liquid, add more beef broth or water.
- Once it is tender, add in the carrots and continue to cook it for another 30 minutes with the lid on until the carrots are soft
- Add the fish sauce and adjust it to your taste
- Fish out the lemongrass, star anise and bay leaves and serve with a Vietnamese baguette or with rice.
(Optional) Making It Into A Beef Noodle Soup
- Use the same steps in 'Putting It Together', but once the stew is done add in 1-3 cups of beef broth (depending on how thin you want the soup)
- Add fish sauce to taste
- Serve with noodles and thinly sliced sweet onions. Garnish with lime wedges and thai basil.
*Nutritional information is calculated using online tools and is an estimate*
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